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Alexander Cockburn
Alexander Cockburn
5 Jul 2012
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The End of America's Armies


Retired Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal, bounced out of his job for revels in Paris as witnessed by Rolling Stone, has recycled a perennial chestnut: Bring back the draft — i.e., a conscripted military, not the volunteer military of today.

These days, McChrystal teaches at Yale University with what must be a protection unique in the annals of academic freedom. Everything he tells his students is, by contractual agreement, off the record. But he made his proposal about the draft in a public venue, at the 2012 Aspen Ideas Festival. McChrystal said: "I think we ought to have a draft. I think if a nation goes to war, it shouldn't be solely represented by a professional force, because it gets to be unrepresentative of the population. I think if a nation goes to war, every town, every city needs to be at risk. You make that decision and everybody has skin in the game."

It's certainly true that the volunteer military is a mess. The Associated Press reported recently that suicides are surging among the troops. According to the AP, "the 154 suicides for active-duty troops in the first 155 days of the year far outdistance the U.S. forces killed in action in Afghanistan." The volunteer military struggles with increased sexual assaults, alcohol abuse and domestic violence.

Liberals like the idea of a military draft because they think it would curb any president's eagerness to go to war. There are indeed sound arguments for a draft. They were put eloquently not so long ago by Bill Broyles, a Vietnam vet: "In spite of the president's insistence that our very civilization is at stake, the privileged aren't flocking to the flag. The war is being fought by Other People's Children. The war is impersonal for the very people to whom it should be most personal. If the children of the nation's elites were facing enemy fire without body armor, riding through gantlets of bombs in unarmored Humvees, fighting desperately in an increasingly hostile environment because of arrogant and incompetent civilian leadership, then those problems might well find faster solutions."

The truth is that despite all those fine words, a draft never is going to happen.

The military-industrial complex needs the money; it's why the number of troops is being cut back right now. When President Barack Obama introduced "the new strategy" last year, he emphasized that the Pentagon will be getting more money, not less. In the past five years, the U.S. has spent $2.59 trillion on defense. The new plans call for an allocation of $2.73 trillion between 2013 and 2017. So much for any peace dividend when the troops come home from Afghanistan.

As Andrew Cockburn recently predicted, the budget will grow, but the military will shrink. There will be no more "nation building," with its long and expensive occupations. Overall, troop levels will be cut by about 100,000 soldiers and Marines. Fewer new planes will be built. America no longer will be equipped to fight two full-scale wars at the same time — an official requirement for decades.

Such was the military-cultural context for calls for the draft: huge ground forces stocked with draftees. What we have now are precisely the opposite — robot/drone wars — no need for suicidal soldiers or politically awkward draftee casualties. The money all goes to Lockheed Martin and the other big aerospace companies. Remember that there's a good reason the conscript military was abolished. It mutinied in Vietnam and, thus, was a prime factor in America's defeat.

Alexander Cockburn is co-editor with Jeffrey St. Clair of the muckraking newsletter CounterPunch. He is also co-author of the new book "Dime's Worth of Difference: Beyond the Lesser of Two Evils," available through To find out more about Alexander Cockburn and read features by other columnists and cartoonists, visit the Creators Syndicate Web page at



9 Comments | Post Comment
True. He got it right for once. Even a clock is correct twice a day, depending on when you look at it.
Comment: #1
Posted by: Masako
Sat Jul 14, 2012 7:36 PM
True. He got it right for once. Even a clock is correct twice a day, depending on when you look at it.
Comment: #2
Posted by: Masako
Sat Jul 14, 2012 7:37 PM
"Remember that there's a good reason the conscript military was abolished. It mutinied in Vietnam and, thus, was a prime factor in America's defeat."

What a load of utter garbage.

The military never "mutinied," and our defeat in Vietnam was caused by a lack of political will at home. US forces were never defeated on the battlefield in that war.

But hey...who needs facts, right?
Comment: #3
Posted by: Jeff Gunn
Fri Jul 20, 2012 12:57 AM
Goodby Mr. Cockburn. Thank you for your work in consistently bringing interesting ideas to the table - including the occasional columns where I thought you were more than a bit off the mark. Even those made me think, and that is the mark of a very good journalist. You will be missed very much.
Comment: #4
Posted by: Mark
Sun Jul 22, 2012 12:26 AM
That comment re Vietnam gave me pause as well. But its impossible to put it all into a sentence. Soldiers did 'frag' officers. More to the point, the draft meant that most people knew someone who came back in a coffin, which put people into the protest movement. He wasn't living here in the US then.

if you are a political scientist or historian you know that the North Vietnamese had already won the political war on the ground before our troops got there and that the succeeding South Vietnamese governments were brutal, corrupt. Troops who came home organized meetings, teach-ins, like Winter Soldier. Men gave public testimony on atrocities they had committed and founded orgs like Vietnam Veterans Against the War.

I loved Alex Cockburn's work. Ever the working writer, he wrote often, undeterred by "mistakes." A reviewer for his Empire book said: "Quite simply the finest polemicist in the English language." That he was. I missed reading him, when I couldn't afford to follow him from The Nation to Counterpunch, although I agreed with him less and less. Still,you are right Mark. He made you think.
Comment: #5
Posted by: Louise Vera
Sun Jul 22, 2012 12:44 PM
I loved his work too, as much as I trashed him for what I felt was not rising to his potential. Especially on global warming and its relationship to human population.

I had no idea he was so sick and I regret not being kinder in my tirades against him. I will miss him. He was truly one of the utterly scarce, totally honest and brilliant commentators straddling the 20th and 21st centuries.
Comment: #6
Posted by: Masako
Mon Jul 23, 2012 5:13 PM
I've always been ambivalent about a lot of his writings, but admired him because where I grew up, with a last name like cockburn, you either rise to the top or go down fighting. RIP.
Comment: #7
Posted by: morgan
Tue Jul 24, 2012 6:06 AM
The draft is slavery and unconstituinal. Again the Nazis of both hemispheres of the republocrats agree
Comment: #8
Posted by: SCOTT
Sun Aug 5, 2012 11:18 PM
Re: Jeff Gunn;...You are both wrong...American troops pretty well refused to fight, and all black platoons when led by some lilly white leutenant soon found themselves in need of a new officer... The defeat of America was caused by fighting there, fighting internal lines of communication, fighting jungle elements... That is; the defeat of America took place before we went on the strength of a mere political theory, in defense of spiritual values, answering the demands of our principals and ideology when we really had little business there... It was a military defeat to this land which was inevitable once you give all moral and physical advantage to the enemy... It was a lasting economic defeat for the communist societies involved... Communism is pay as you go, and when they had to borrow money from the West to fight the West, you know their defeat equals their inability to pay your bills...
It was an absolute crime that these people who were never so trapped in their ideology that they could not compromise for it had to be fought in the first place... America is a moral country having far more moral people than immoral, and for us to suffer that immoral drag through the mud given to us by our gutless heartless rich and still continue to suffer them is insane...When did it become Just to bomb innocents in the effort to bring down their rulers... If the West had ever given those people justice, and they were requesting justice as far back a Versailles, would it ever have become necessary to send them to hell???
It was a singular moral act to stand up, and force our government to reconsider the War in Vietnam... LBJ was correct about the patience of America being short with defeat, and stalemate was defeat especially with death ticking with every tock... There was no measure of success, no point were we might justifiably call it all off... Nixon managed to screw up peace negotiations, and keep us in war for far too long for the same deal LBJ had... That is the price of letting ideology do your thinking...We elected Nixon for his secret plan, and his plan ended with getting elected...And who else could have opened up relations with China??? If a democrat had tried he would have had to wear pink in public for the remainder of his life... Such is the power of invective and contumely again reason...
What has changed??? We elect psychopaths who will trade lives for votes one for one...The only death they truly fear is their own... The only death they can come close to conceiving of is their own... Their well being, their lives, their wealth mean something to these monsters, and yours means nothing to them...
Like that movie based on the book: Dog Soldiers, said: People come to find themselves in Vietnam... To which the replay is made: Ya; bummer for the Cong...
It was a bummer, too...The military is correct today in keeping as few possible in those hazzards repeatedly... Better to have a relative handful physically wasted, and psychologically damaged than have great numbers in like condition... There are places where these vets are still wandering around in the woods, totally unable to adapt to the conditions of a society that sent them to hell with no concern for their welfare...That is the price of victory, but every such victory is to costly to repeat...
Comment: #9
Posted by: James A, Sweeney
Sat Jul 12, 2014 11:29 AM
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