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Mary King's Close in Edinburgh, Scotland, Comes Back to Life


By Fyllis Hockman

The year is 1645. The most virulent strain of the bubonic plague has immobilized Edinburgh, Scotland, claiming the lives of more than half the city's population. The area hardest hit: Mary King's Close on High Street, a busy thoroughfare and lively 17th-century street of pubs, shops and residences. Cries of suffering have replaced the friendly chatter and the stench of death the pungent aroma of tea and scones.

The place, the time, the horror have now been resurrected as one of Edinburgh's most unusual attractions. Archaeologically and historically accurate, the alleys you walk upon, the rooms you visit, the stories you hear are real. This is not a re-creation; it is a resurrection of what already existed so many centuries ago.

Beneath the City Chambers on Edinburgh's famous Royal Mile lies Mary King's Close, a series of narrow, winding side streets with multilevel apartment houses looming on either side that has been hidden for many years. In 1753 the houses at the top of the buildings were knocked down to make way for then-new structures. Parts of the lower sections were used as the foundation, leaving below a number of dark and mysterious underground alleyways steeped in mystery — and misery.

The exhibit breathes new life into this underground world dominated by death. Reconstructed as it was then — though without any contagious aspects — the Real Mary King's Close provides amazing insight into a period of history with which many are totally unfamiliar. It has been preserved in an authentic environment and historically accurate depiction that defies most commercial historical reproductions.

It is eerie to meander up and down along dark, circuitous, unpaved passageways and beaten-down earth floors (good walking shoes are a must and wheelchair-accessible it is not) — past room after room, each with its own story to tell — a projection of people who lived in the close in the mid-16th to19th centuries. The subtle lighting enhances the effects of a shadowy past so that I almost felt like an intruder.

The inhabitants — ranging from those who graced a grand 16th-century townhouse to plague victims of the 17th century to the third-generation saw-makers who departed in 1902, when the last section was finally interred — are not composites of might-have-beens. The lives recounted are based on real people gleaned from primary documentation (written at the time) and preserved in the Scottish Office of Records and its archives.

Lighting conveys the supernatural nature of the attraction as much as the narrative does. Only "practicals" — original methods of lighting the dwellings — are used, re-creating the actual lighting conditions of the 17th and 18th centuries. Candlelight illuminates one room, while the glow of firelight casts its spell in another. A single low-watt light bulb brings others into hazy focus.

The dark hallways are lit by lanternlike "bowats" that provide only as much light as was necessary to light the streets at night. The lighting levels in each room are just enough to highlight its architectural features, furniture or inhabitants — no more or less than was available to the tenants at the time. The concept of atmospheric lighting takes on a whole new dimension.

Rounding one curve reveals a large window lit by a gloomy, greenish, unhealthy light. A doctor tending to bedridden figures who are covered with sores, boils and diseased skin appears. It's the home of John Craig, a gravedigger who has already succumbed to the "visitation of the pestilence." His body awaits "collection."

His wife, Janet, and three sons suffer from varying stages of the deadly malady. The doctor is lancing a boil on the eldest son, Johnnie, with a hot iron to seal and disinfect the wound.

Repellant odors arising from the family chamber pot of vomit provide a little more "reality" than even today's cable TV had prepared me for. By the door are bread, ale and coal delivered to the quarantined family. The townspeople want to ensure that the afflicted stay in their homes, so the healthy have good reason to give generously.

And therein lies the tragedy of Mary King's Close: Much of its history parallels that of the plague. The epidemic struck its residents fiercely. As the deaths rose, the bodies accumulated outside to be carried away by those designated to perform the loathsome task. Mary King's Close was a pariah in the neighborhood that ultimately fell victim to its own diseased fate. It disappeared, as well.

With more than two dozen stops along the tour path — each accompanied by an intriguing bit of personal history — I became intimately acquainted with the residents who lived there. Mary King herself moved here with her four children in 1629 after her husband died. We got to meet her personally, and boy, does she have some good stories to tell!

While listening to the story of another early dweller, the narration was interrupted by a scream from across the way. We quickly ran to see what happened. The widow Allison Rough, murder weapon in hand, was standing over her son-in-law, Alexander Cant, a prominent burgess of Edinburgh, whose body lay on the floor, the dowry agreement over which they had been fighting still in his hand. Events leading up to the murder, as well as its aftermath, are wound into a true rendition of Rough's memorable life.

Similar stories, some enthralling, others bizarre — and all authenticated by original documentation — abound as we wended our way around the windy up-and-down corridors. Shifts in lighting reflected the various circumstances, not to mention the assorted ghosts (the only residents not authenticated by original documentation) who are said to inhabit the property.

Edinburgh native Jennifer West was awed by this backyard discovery.

"This really brings to life all the stories I've heard over the years about this part of the city's history," she said. "It's hard to grasp that these underground chambers were once bustling street-side shops."

One of the most important — and saddest — among a multitude of rooms that witnessed much sadness is one in which 8-year-old Annie died of the plague in 1645. A Japanese psychic, visiting in 1992, could barely enter the room because of all the misery she felt there. As she turned away, she claimed to feel a tug at her leg. Annie, in rags with long, dirty hair, was standing by the window crying because she had lost her family, her dog and her doll. The psychic brought Annie a doll to comfort her — and people from around the world have been leaving trinkets and toys ever since.

Key chains, jewelry, dolls and stuffed animals line the walls as a shrine to the sad little child who has long since passed away.

"What a sad story," lamented 10-year-old Harriet Peterson, visiting from London, as she added the teddy bear she was hugging to the other offerings.

There was a lot of life lived within these buildings — and a lot of lives lost. As one of the most fascinating and unique walks — literally — through history I've yet to tread, the unsettling stories, the ethereal lighting, the serpentine alleyways remained with me, even as I explored the many other more traditional sites of historic Edinburgh.


The Real Mary King's Close is open daily, with tours at 15-minute intervals. Price for adults is $23; children 5-15, $13; seniors and students, $20. For more information, visit

Fyllis Hockman is a freelance writer. To read features by other Creators Syndicate writers and cartoonists, visit the Creators Syndicate website at



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