1. The Capuchin monkey, found chiefly in the Amazon Basin of South America, is playing an increasingly important role in contemporary culture. What is it?
2. Rhinoceroses have become an endangered species primarily due to poachers who kill the mammal for its horn. What are the rhinoceroses' horns made of, and why are they in such demand?
3. Which is the largest of the breeds we term "big cats"?
4. The Black Panther is a black-coated member of this felid family. Name the species.
5. Which of the land reptiles is the largest species?
6. What evolutionary phase of animals is known as the prosimians?
7. The gibbon is the only ape that travels using brachiation. What is brachiation?
8. A family of Japanese macaques derives its name from its unusual habitation. Can you name this monkey?
9. What is the simplest way of identifying New World as opposed to Old World monkeys?
10. Following on question No. 9, several New World monkeys have a unique adaptation in their tails that is not found on that of any Old World monkey. Name the adaptation.
1. Because of their tiny, dexterous hands and helpful attitude, Capuchins are well-suited as helpers to people who are severely disabled. They are especially helpful to quadriplegics, people who cannot use their arms and legs.
2. Rhinoceroses' horns are made of a hair-like substance termed keratin fibers that when ground up, are believed to be useful in medicine for the treatment of fever, arthritis and other ailments.
3. The Siberian tiger.
4. The Black Panther is a leopard with an aberrance known as melanism.
5. The American and Orinoco crocodiles.
6. The prosimians are those in the evolutionary stage that came between the insectivores and monkeys.
7. Brachiation is swinging under branches like a trapeze artist. Other apes may resort to this in certain situations but not as a primary means of transportation.
8. While most primates live in warmer climates, the Japanese macaques' home is subject to wintry conditions giving them their name, snow monkey.
9. The noses of New World and Old World monkeys are distinctly identifiable. New World monkeys' noses are round with a broad nasal septum, while their Old World brethren have narrow septums with nostrils that are close together, comma shaped and pointing downward.
10. Not one Old World monkey has a prehensile tail, which is like a fifth hand, giving the primate the ability to grip with its tail.
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