Jacob Sullum from Creators Syndicate https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum Creators Syndicate is an international syndication company that represents cartoonists and columnists of the highest caliber. en Sat, 24 Oct 2020 04:56:55 -0700 https://www.creators.com/ http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Jacob Sullum from Creators Syndicate https://cdn.creators.com/features/jacob-sullum-thumb.jpg https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum ad9a10fd669f3c59ba8eaef134ee1b9a Courts Should Check 'Majority Rule': Democrats and Republicans Agree on That Point, Although They Disagree About What It Means in Practice for 10/21/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/10/20/courts-should-check-majority-rule-democrats-and-republicans-agree-on-that-point-although-they-disagree-about-what-it-means-in-practice Wed, 21 Oct 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p>Making its case against the reelection of Donald Trump this week, The New York Times complains that the president has been "filling the benches of the federal judiciary with young, conservative lawyers as a firewall against majority rule." While it is hardly surprising that the Times would be dismayed by the appointment of conservative judges and justices, the suggestion that courts are acting improperly when they check the power of "majority rule" is puzzling.</p> <p>Courts are <i>supposed</i> to frustrate the will of the majority when it violates the Constitution. Americans on the left and right expect courts to do that, although they disagree about which constitutional constraints judges should be enforcing. </p> <p>In the same package of anti-Trump essays, the Times worries about the fate of Roe v. Wade, the 1973 decision in which the Supreme Court said broad abortion bans violate the 14th Amendment's Due Process Clause. Roe and its progeny clearly impose restrictions on majority rule, telling democratically elected legislatures how far they can go in regulating abortion.<p>Updated: Wed Oct 21, 2020</p> 9016e8e491c4c16e09279a61cbd62b15 Biden's Sudden Reticence on Court Packing Is Alarming: Although Democrats Think the Composition of the Supreme Court Is a Big Election Issue, Their Nominee Won't Say What He Plans to Do About It for 10/14/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/10/20/bidens-sudden-reticence-on-court-packing-is-alarming-although-democrats-think-the-composition-of-the-supreme-court-is-a-big-election-issue-their-nominee-wont-say-what-he-plans-to-do-about-it Wed, 14 Oct 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p>Judging from their grandstanding during Amy Coney Barrett's confirmation hearing, Democrats think the composition of the Supreme Court is a big issue in next month's presidential election. Yet, evidently, it is not big enough for their candidate to tell voters whether he favors expanding the Court to accommodate his policy preferences. </p> <p>"You'll know my opinion of court packing when the election is over," Joe Biden told reporters last week. His unwillingness to discuss the issue should alarm anyone who values judicial independence as a bulwark against the abuse of power, regardless of which party happens to be wielding it.</p> <p>Biden himself explained the threat posed by court packing as a senator in 1983. "It was a bonehead idea," he said, referring to Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1937 plan to make the Supreme Court more receptive to his New Deal agenda through legislation that would have authorized him to appoint up to six additional justices.<p>Updated: Wed Oct 14, 2020</p> c7a2964745f0b7e2b3979968102c6840 An Overdue Rebuke to Politicians Who Think Anything Goes in a Pandemic: Two Courts Say COVID-19 Lockdowns in Michigan and Pennsylvania Were Unconstitutional for 10/07/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/10/20/an-overdue-rebuke-to-politicians-who-think-anything-goes-in-a-pandemic-two-courts-say-covid-19-lockdowns-in-michigan-and-pennsylvania-were-unconstitutional Wed, 07 Oct 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>As recently as early March, I was saying it "seems unlikely" that the United States would respond to the COVID-19 pandemic with lockdowns similar to Italy's. While we all know what has happened since then, two recent court decisions underline the unprecedented and legally untested nature of the sweeping social and economic restrictions that all but a few states imposed this year.</p> <p>Last Friday, the Michigan Supreme Court ruled that a law Gov. Gretchen Whitmer used to shutter businesses and confine people to their homes except for Whitmer-approved purposes improperly delegated legislative functions to the executive branch. And last month, a federal judge in Pennsylvania said that state's lockdown violated the right of assembly guaranteed by the First Amendment, along with the 14th Amendment's guarantees of due process and equal protection.<p>Updated: Wed Oct 07, 2020</p> e32c66cc68654032027fab23fa681d0c Judge's Track Record Suggests She Would Frequently Be a Friend of Civil Liberties for 09/30/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/09/20/judges-track-record-suggests-she-would-frequently-be-a-friend-of-civil-liberties Wed, 30 Sep 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Democrats worry that Supreme Court nominee Amy Coney Barrett, an originalist and textualist who clerked for Justice Antonin Scalia in the late 1990s, will emulate him if she is confirmed by the Senate. We could do a lot worse.</p> <p>Although progressives often portrayed Scalia as an authoritarian ogre, he was a more faithful defender of First, Fourth and Sixth Amendment rights that some of his purportedly "liberal" colleagues on the Court. Barrett's track record during three years on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit suggests she also would frequently prove to be a friend of civil liberties.<p>Updated: Wed Sep 30, 2020</p> 043b891e4e47ba29c9e707cb51016eac Partisan Poppycock Does Not Trump the Constitution on SCOTUS Picks: The Restrictions Imagined by Republicans in 2016 or By Democrats Now Are Nothing but Self-Serving Nonsense for 09/23/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/09/20/partisan-poppycock-does-not-trump-the-constitution-on-scotus-picks-the-restrictions-imagined-by-republicans-in-2016-or-by-democrats-now-are-nothing-but-self-serving-nonsense Wed, 23 Sep 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>The process for filling a Supreme Court vacancy is straightforward: The president chooses a new justice "with the advice and consent of the Senate." Any other conditions, including those imagined by Republicans in 2016 or by Democrats now, are nothing but self-serving nonsense.</p> <p>Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., who has promised a vote on President Donald Trump's nominee to replace Ruth Bader Ginsburg by the end of the year, has been accused of forsaking the supposed norm he defended in 2016, when he blocked consideration of Merrick Garland, Barack Obama's choice to replace Antonin Scalia. Yet, McConnell's position now is arguably consistent with the one he took then. That does not mean it makes any sense.<p>Updated: Wed Sep 23, 2020</p> 2057756339f07f6899cc65973532f96f How Much Difference Do COVID-19 Lockdowns Make? The Comparison Between Sweden and the US Casts Doubt on the Importance of Broad Legal Restrictions for 09/16/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/09/20/how-much-difference-do-covid-19-lockdowns-make-the-comparison-between-sweden-and-the-us-casts-doubt-on-the-importance-of-broad-legal-restrictions Wed, 16 Sep 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>The New York Times describes Sweden's approach to COVID-19, which has been notably less restrictive than the policies adopted by other European countries and the United States, as "disastrous" and "calamitous." By contrast, Scott Atlas, the physician and Hoover Institution fellow who is advising President Donald Trump on the epidemic, thinks Sweden's policy is "relatively rational" and "has been inappropriately criticized."</p> <p>The sharp disagreement about Sweden is part of the wider debate about the cost-effectiveness of broad lockdowns as a strategy for dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. While it is premature to reach firm conclusions, the evidence so far suggests that Sweden is faring better than the United States, where governors tried to contain the virus by imposing sweeping social and economic restrictions.<p>Updated: Wed Sep 16, 2020</p> dc77295573fb90d38ef847bbcd5ba592 Are Video Arcades More Dangerous Than Casinos During a Pandemic? A Federal Lawsuit Argues That the Distinction Drawn by Massachusetts Is Unconstitutional for 09/09/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/09/20/are-video-arcades-more-dangerous-than-casinos-during-a-pandemic-a-federal-lawsuit-argues-that-the-distinction-drawn-by-massachusetts-is-unconstitutional Wed, 09 Sep 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Casinos and video arcades, both of which feature rows of electronic games that people use in close proximity to each other, pose similar risks of COVID-19 transmission. Yet, in Massachusetts, casinos have been open for two months, while video arcades remain closed under an order that Gov. Charlie Baker originally issued in March.</p> <p>Like many of the distinctions drawn by the COVID-19 lockdowns that all but a few governors imposed last spring, this one makes no medical sense. A federal lawsuit filed last week argues that Baker's discrimination against video arcades is unconstitutional because it is scientifically indefensible.<p>Updated: Wed Sep 09, 2020</p> 540984ed4ea300d1976c7153c54a9f42 Trump's Vague Commitment to Criminal Justice Reform: The President's Daughter Says 'We're Just Getting Started,' but His Campaign Has Not Offered Any Details for 09/02/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/09/20/trumps-vague-commitment-to-criminal-justice-reform-the-presidents-daughter-says-were-just-getting-started-but-his-campaign-has-not-offered-any-details Wed, 02 Sep 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Alice Johnson's appearance at the Republican National Convention last week was a rebuke to Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden, who for decades promoted the draconian policies that sent her to prison for life as a first-time, nonviolent drug offender. Johnson's case was also meant to show that President Donald Trump, who commuted her sentence in 2018 and pardoned her the day after her speech, offers a more enlightened alternative.</p> <p>The truth is a little more complicated. While Biden's record on criminal justice issues is long and awful, Trump's is short and pretty good. But when it comes to promises for the future, a repentant Biden supports several ambitious reforms, while Trump sounds like the Biden of the 1980s and '90s.<p>Updated: Wed Sep 02, 2020</p> 3db39436d282065658dea878ee23d5df Trump's War on Economic Freedom: In the President's Mind, Trade Is Not a Right to Be Respected but a Process to Be Managed by Politicians for 08/26/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/08/20/trumps-war-on-economic-freedom-in-the-presidents-mind-trade-is-not-a-right-to-be-respected-but-a-process-to-be-managed-by-politicians Wed, 26 Aug 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>If Donald Trump's sister is right that he "has no principles," he does at least have a few enduring instincts. Perhaps the most persistent is his conviction that American greatness is threatened by voluntary economic exchange, the most powerful engine of peace and prosperity in human history.</p> <p>Each of us has a fundamental right to the fruits of our labor, which includes the right to exchange the money we earn for products and services. When governments respect that right, mutually beneficial transactions replace zero-sum interactions that forcibly transfer resources from losers to winners. The value of those voluntary transactions does not depend on where buyers and sellers happen to be located.<p>Updated: Wed Aug 26, 2020</p> cf9de8da5059c8a809c10d71adf5d673 Joe Biden Does Not Understand the Second Amendment: The Democratic Presidential Nominee Favors the Same Magazine Limit That a Federal Appeals Court Just Declared Unconstitutional for 08/19/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/08/20/joe-biden-does-not-understand-the-second-amendment-the-democratic-presidential-nominee-favors-the-same-magazine-limit-that-a-federal-appeals-court-just-declared-unconstitutional Wed, 19 Aug 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>When it overturned California's 10-round magazine limit last Friday, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit emphasized what Americans commonly do when they exercise their constitutional right to armed self-defense. Joe Biden, by contrast, thinks the relevant question is how many shells Americans are allowed to have in their shotguns when they hunt migratory birds.</p> <p>Those two approaches represent the difference between judges who take the Second Amendment seriously and politicians who only pay lip service to it. Biden's presidential campaign, which promises a raft of new gun restrictions while barely nodding toward the Constitution, shows the extent to which the right to keep and bear arms has become a partisan issue, a development that does not bode well for civil liberties.<p>Updated: Wed Aug 19, 2020</p> bae7b166fdd38154d40e40a8c7804910 Chicago Residents Wait Months for Permission to Defend Themselves: Despite an Alarming Increase in Crime, Illinois Is Illegally Delaying Gun Licenses for 08/12/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/08/20/chicago-residents-wait-months-for-permission-to-defend-themselves-despite-an-alarming-increase-in-crime-illinois-is-illegally-delaying-gun-licenses Wed, 12 Aug 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>If you live in Chicago, you might be thinking about buying a gun to protect yourself, your family, your home or your business against rioters, looters and assorted violent criminals. But before you can exercise your Second Amendment rights in Illinois, you need permission from the state police, a process that can take months.</p> <p>Contrary to a state law that requires approval or denial of an application for a firearm owner's identification card within 30 days, Illinois residents often wait two or three times as long. Such delays are plainly unconstitutional, according to a federal lawsuit filed last month by the Goldwater Institute on behalf of four Chicago area residents and two gun rights groups. <p>Updated: Wed Aug 12, 2020</p> fcb2dcbfa0b81aac348117a929ae88fd Trump's Naked Megalomania Continues a Bipartisan Trend: Will His Blunt Self-Aggrandizement Reinvigorate Concerns About Presidents Who Exceed Their Powers? for 08/05/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/08/20/trumps-naked-megalomania-continues-a-bipartisan-trend-will-his-blunt-self-aggrandizement-reinvigorate-concerns-about-presidents-who-exceed-their-powers Wed, 05 Aug 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>After Donald Trump floated the idea of delaying the presidential election last week, the most striking response came from Federalist Society co-founder Steven Calabresi. "This latest tweet is fascistic," the Northwestern University law professor wrote in The New York Times, "and is itself grounds for the president's immediate impeachment again by the House of Representatives and his removal from office by the Senate."</p> <p>For Calabresi, who opposed Trump's impeachment for pressuring the Ukrainian government to investigate Joe Biden, the president's suggestion that the election should be rescheduled was a tweet too far. Whether or not you agree, the bipartisan rejection of Trump's suggestion is a hopeful sign that his blunt self-aggrandizement has reinvigorated concerns about presidents who claim powers they were never granted &#8212; a problem that extends far beyond this particular president or his party.<p>Updated: Wed Aug 05, 2020</p> 81e8409cfaf46ba2eac741ec01f9864c The Second Amendment Is Not Restricted to White Conservatives: An Encounter in Louisville Shows the Enduring Practical and Symbolic Importance of the Right to Armed Self-Defense for 07/29/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/07/20/the-second-amendment-is-not-restricted-to-white-conservatives-an-encounter-in-louisville-shows-the-enduring-practical-and-symbolic-importance-of-the-right-to-armed-self-defense Wed, 29 Jul 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Last Saturday in Louisville, Kentucky, about 300 armed members of the NFAC (Not F&#8212;-ing Around Coalition), a self-described "Black militia" based in Atlanta, had what the Louisville Courier-Journal called "a tense standoff" with about 50 armed Three Percenters, which the paper described as a "far-right... militia." While the incident, which ended without violence, could be seen as yet another sign that the country is descending into 1968-style chaos, it was also a striking illustration of the Second Amendment's enduring practical and symbolic importance that scrambled conventional stereotypes about the right to armed self-defense.</p> <p>Since Kentucky allows open (or concealed) carrying of firearms without a permit, the two groups, both of which disavow aggression, were acting lawfully. And while their motives may look different, both are drawing on a long American tradition of wide gun ownership as a safeguard against tyranny.<p>Updated: Wed Jul 29, 2020</p> 0f53c1a056d0ed2184fa67b9334eb5ea Trump Deploys Lawlessness Against Lawlessness: The President's Heavy-Handed Reaction to Protests Against Police Brutality Belies His Promise of 'Law and Order' for 07/22/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/07/20/trump-deploys-lawlessness-against-lawlessness-the-presidents-heavy-handed-reaction-to-protests-against-police-brutality-belies-his-promise-of-law-and-order Wed, 22 Jul 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Donald Trump, whose 2016 presidential campaign was consciously modeled after Richard Nixon's 1968 run, seems to think he can win reelection by emulating his predecessor's appeal to a "silent majority" disgusted by raucous anti-war protests. Trump is offering voters a choice between his firm hand and the pusillanimity of "liberal Democrats" who let "violent anarchists" run wild in the streets.</p> <p>Notwithstanding Trump's pose as "your president of law and order," his heavy-handed reaction to the protests triggered by George Floyd's death represents neither. In response to largely peaceful demonstrations against police brutality that have been punctuated by criminal behavior, he has deployed his own brand of lawlessness, including arbitrary arrests and the disproportionate, indiscriminate use of force.<p>Updated: Wed Jul 22, 2020</p> 53a73b36fad1e3f9889e6c4129ed7d40 Betraying Trump, Kavanaugh and Gorsuch Stay Loyal to the Law: Two Centuries of Precedents Say the President Is Not Immune From Judicial Process for 07/15/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/07/20/betraying-trump-kavanaugh-and-gorsuch-stay-loyal-to-the-law-two-centuries-of-precedents-say-the-president-is-not-immune-from-judicial-process Wed, 15 Jul 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Two years ago, while fighting the confirmation of Donald Trump's second Supreme Court nominee, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., suggested that Brett Kavanaugh would help the president escape accountability for grave misconduct. "If Kavanaugh would've let Nixon off the hook," Schumer asked, "what is he willing to do for President Trump?"</p> <p>Schumer was mischaracterizing Kavanaugh's view of United States v. Nixon, the 1974 case in which the Supreme Court unanimously upheld a federal subpoena seeking White House tapes and documents as part of the Watergate investigation. Schumer's prediction was also wrong, as Kavanaugh showed last week in Trump v. Vance, another resounding victory for the rule of law. <p>Updated: Wed Jul 15, 2020</p> 98416f1342257e320dacd08439621994 Qualified Immunity Is a Test for Conservatives: The Judicially Invented License for Police Abuse Undermines the Rule of Law and the Separation of Powers for 07/08/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/07/20/qualified-immunity-is-a-test-for-conservatives-the-judicially-invented-license-for-police-abuse-undermines-the-rule-of-law-and-the-separation-of-powers Wed, 08 Jul 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin faces murder and manslaughter charges for kneeling on George Floyd's neck until he stopped breathing. But even if Chauvin is convicted, Floyd's family may not be able to pursue claims under a federal statute that authorizes lawsuits against government officials who violate people's constitutional rights.</p> <p>The uncertain prospects for the lawsuit Floyd's relatives plan to file underlines the unjust and irrational consequences of qualified immunity, a doctrine that shields police from liability for outrageous conduct when the rights they violated were not "clearly established" at the time. Congress should seize the opportunity created by Floyd's May 25 death and the nationwide protests it provoked to abolish that doctrine, which the Supreme Court unlawfully grafted onto the Civil Rights Act of 1871.<p>Updated: Wed Jul 08, 2020</p> 3d8f8202b85b01ec7c656b3e29a43c86 Don't Let the Pandemic Kill Religious Freedom: COVID-19 Control Measures Violate the First Amendment When They Arbitrarily Favor Secular Conduct for 07/01/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/06/20/dont-let-the-pandemic-kill-religious-freedom-covid-19-control-measures-violate-the-first-amendment-when-they-arbitrarily-favor-secular-conduct Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>About a month after Bill de Blasio personally led a police raid on a Hasidic rabbi's funeral in Brooklyn, which he portrayed as an intolerable threat in the era of COVID-19, New York's mayor visited the same borough to address a tightly packed crowd of protesters who had gathered in response to George Floyd's death. Far from ordering them to disperse in the name of public health, the unmasked mayor enthusiastically expressed solidarity with the demonstrators.</p> <p>The contrast between de Blasio's anger at Jewish mourners and his solicitude toward political protesters figures prominently in last Friday's decision by a federal judge who deemed New York's pandemic-inspired restrictions on religious gatherings unconstitutional. The ruling, which said COVID-19 control measures violate the First Amendment's guarantee of religious freedom when they draw arbitrary distinctions between religious and secular conduct, is a warning to politicians across the country as they loosen the sweeping restrictions they imposed in the name of flattening the curve.<p>Updated: Wed Jul 01, 2020</p> 7dae327a692c03b08e56f6920f64c048 Breonna Taylor and the Moral Bankruptcy of Drug Prohibition: She Would Still Be Alive If Politicians Did Not Insist on Using Violence to Enforce Their Pharmacological Prejudices for 06/24/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/06/20/breonna-taylor-and-the-moral-bankruptcy-of-drug-prohibition-she-would-still-be-alive-if-politicians-did-not-insist-on-using-violence-to-enforce-their-pharmacological-prejudices Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Last Friday, three months after Louisville, Kentucky, police officers gunned down a 26-year-old EMT and aspiring nurse named Breonna Taylor during a fruitless drug raid, acting Police Chief Robert Schroeder initiated the termination of Detective Brett Hankison, who he said had "displayed an extreme indifference to the value of human life" when he "wantonly and blindly fired 10 rounds" into Taylor's apartment. But Hankison's recklessness is just one element of the circumstances that led to Taylor's senseless death, which never would have happened if politicians did not insist on using violence to enforce their pharmacological prejudices.</p> <p>The March 13 shooting, which has figured prominently in recent protests against police brutality, followed a sadly familiar pattern. Hankison and two other plainclothes officers broke into Taylor's home around 12:40 a.m., awakening her and her boyfriend, Kenneth Walker, who mistook the armed invaders for robbers.<p>Updated: Wed Jun 24, 2020</p> 62e201f3d00d21ca737fde0e4ed9b545 Racially Skewed Policing Is Not a Statistical Mirage: One Need Not Believe Every Cop Is a Bigot to Recognize That the Problem Goes Beyond a Few 'Bad Apples' for 06/17/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/06/20/racially-skewed-policing-is-not-a-statistical-mirage-one-need-not-believe-every-cop-is-a-bigot-to-recognize-that-the-problem-goes-beyond-a-few-bad-apples Wed, 17 Jun 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Many conservatives condemn the excessive force that killed George Floyd but reject the notion that such abuses reflect a broader problem of racial bias. "I don't think that the law enforcement system is systemically racist," says Attorney General William Barr, whose boss argues that the crimes of a few "bad apples" do not justify "falsely labeling tens of millions of decent Americans as racist."</p> <p>Fair enough. But it is a serious mistake to dismiss stark, widely documented racial disparities in policing as a statistical mirage with no implications for equality under the law.<p>Updated: Wed Jun 17, 2020</p> 99ad87719006b72d60a255f739255dfe Maybe Cops Should Be 'Pulling Back': Abolishing Qualified Immunity Is a Crucial Step in Holding Police Accountable for Violating Our Rights for 06/10/2020 https://www.creators.com/read/jacob-sullum/06/20/maybe-cops-should-be-pulling-back-abolishing-qualified-immunity-is-a-crucial-step-in-holding-police-accountable-for-violating-our-rights Wed, 10 Jun 2020 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Attorney General William Barr worries that making it easier to sue cops for abusing their powers "would result certainly in police pulling back." White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany calls the idea a "nonstarter." </p> <p>Americans who have watched the horrifying video showing now-former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin kneeling on George Floyd's neck for nearly nine minutes while ignoring the prone, handcuffed man's desperate pleas, past the point where he stopped moving and no longer had a detectable pulse, might reasonably conclude that some "pulling back" by police is exactly what we need. And once Americans understand the legally reinforced culture of impunity that encourages such abuses, they might view the reform peremptorily rejected by McEnany as a good start rather than a nonstarter.<p>Updated: Wed Jun 10, 2020</p>