Walter E. Williams from Creators Syndicate https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams Creators Syndicate is an international syndication company that represents cartoonists and columnists of the highest caliber. en Mon, 05 Dec 2016 23:31:41 -0800 https://www.creators.com/ http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Walter E. Williams from Creators Syndicate https://cdn.creators.com/features/walter-e-williams-thumb.jpg https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams 0ee9c6f3a5102069dd2ff65f924bd9b6 Majority Rule Equals Tyranny for 12/07/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/12/16/majority-rule-equals-tyranny Wed, 07 Dec 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p>It is alleged that Hillary Clinton won a popular vote majority. Therefore, if the nation were not burdened with the antiquated Electoral College, anguished and freaked-out Americans whine, she, instead of Donald Trump, would be the next president of the United States. You say, "Hold it. Before you go further, Williams, what do you mean it is alleged that Clinton received most of the popular vote? It's a fact." I say "alleged" because according to Gregg Phillips of True the Vote, an estimated 3 million noncitizens voted. Presumably, those votes went to Clinton.</p> <p>In 2000, Al Gore won the popular vote just as Hillary Clinton allegedly did. Such outcomes have led to calls to abandon the Constitution's Article 2 provision for the state electors to select presidents. Despite the fact that the system has served us well for over 200 years, many Americans now call for its abandonment in favor of electing presidents by popular vote. Before we abandon the Electoral College, let's consider the function it performs.<p>Updated: Wed Dec 07, 2016</p> 577e18cc7452cb8327745707390c4a25 Let's Fight Tyranny for 11/30/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/11/16/lets-fight-tyranny Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p>For more than a half-century, it has become abundantly clear that our nation faces increasing irreconcilable differences. At the root is the fact that there is one group of Americans who mostly want to be left alone and live according to the rule of law and the dictates of the U.S. Constitution while another group of Americans wants to control the lives of others and ignore both the rule of law and constitutional restraints on the federal government. Should those Americans who favor the rule of law and constitutional government fight against or yield to those Americans who have contempt for the rule of law and constitutional government? Let's look at a few of those irreconcilable differences.</p> <p>Some Americans prefer to manage their own health care needs. Others wish to have the federal government dictate their health care. Some Americans want their earnings to be taxed only for the constitutionally mandated functions of the federal government, which are outlined in Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution. Others think American earnings should be taxed for anything on which Congress can muster a majority vote. Though there is no constitutional authority for federal involvement in public education, some Americans want the federal government involved. The list of irreconcilable differences among the American people is nearly without end. These differences survive because of the timidity of those offended and the brute power of the federal government.<p>Updated: Wed Nov 30, 2016</p> c42443e8f2e6e96842cac84f75134a99 Trump and College Chaos for 11/23/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/11/16/trump-and-college-chaos Wed, 23 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p>If one needed more evidence of the steep decay in academia, Donald Trump's victory provided it. Let's begin by examining the responses to his win, not only among our wet-behind-the-ears college students, many of whom act like kindergarteners, but also among college professors and administrators.</p> <p>The University of Michigan's distressed students were provided with Play-Doh and coloring books, as they sought comfort and distraction. A University of Michigan professor postponed an exam after many students complained about their "serious stress" over the election results. Cornell University held a campuswide "cry-in," with officials handing out tissues and hot chocolate. One Cornell student said, "I'm looking into flights back to Bangladesh right now so I can remove myself before Trump repatriates me." The College Fix reported that "a dorm at the University of Pennsylvania ... hosted a post-election 'Breathing Space' for students stressed out by election results that included cuddling with cats and a puppy, coloring and crafting, and snacks such as tea and chocolate."<p>Updated: Wed Nov 23, 2016</p> 2f05ac6f6c6d1ee30653546a022aab08 Blacks and Politicians for 11/16/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/11/16/blacks-and-politicians Wed, 16 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p></p><p>Donald Trump's surprise win has millions of Americans, many of whom are black, in a tizzy. <span class="column--highlighted-text">Many, such as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, are writing about what it means to be black during a Trump administration even though Trump's presidency has yet to begin. My argument has always been that the political arena is largely irrelevant to the interests of ordinary black people.</span><p>Updated: Wed Nov 16, 2016</p> e291734bb5c28784b35244c520f82f28 Rules of the Game for 11/07/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/11/16/rules-of-the-game Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p>The underpinnings of a decent society are neutral laws &#8212; laws that favor no particular individual or group &#8212; and the impartial enforcement of those laws. The U.S. Supreme Court's job is to ensure the impartial enforcement of our laws. But our two presidential candidates differ in their visions of court appointees. Hillary Clinton says that she would "look broadly and widely for people who represent the diversity of our country" and that "we need a Supreme Court that will stand up on behalf of women's rights (and) on behalf of the rights of the LGBT community." In contrast, Donald Trump says, "I will appoint justices who, like Justice (Antonin) Scalia, will protect our liberty with the highest regard for the Constitution." <span class="column--highlighted-text">Limited government and rule of law are conflict-reducing, whereas diversity-oriented justices who stand up for the rights of particular individuals are conflict-enhancing.</span> Let's look at a simple example of the benefit of neutral rules and their impartial enforcement.</p> <p>Football teams spend four quarters battling each other. After the conflict, players and coaches shake hands and often hug one another. Their competitive struggle ends peacefully, as well as on friendly terms, because the referees, whom we can think of as justices, enforce neutral rules impartially. There would be a different outcome if referees exercised compassion instead of impartial rule enforcement. Let's be specific.<p>Updated: Mon Nov 07, 2016</p> 0a96ed0cece03e2b6de1dddba34de3bb The Rich and Us for 11/02/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/10/16/the-rich-and-us Wed, 02 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates, having a net worth of $81.8 billion, and Amazon.com CEO Jeff Bezos, having a net worth of $70.4 billion, are the nation's two richest men. They are at the top of the Forbes 400 list of America's superrich individuals, people who have net worths of billions of dollars. Many see the rich as a danger. New York Times columnist Bob Herbert wrote, "It doesn't really matter what ordinary people want. The wealthy call the tune, and the politicians dance." His colleague Paul Krugman wrote, "On paper, we're a one-person-one-vote nation; in reality, we're more than a bit of an oligarchy, in which a handful of wealthy people dominate." It's sentiments like these that have led me to wish there were a humane way to get rid of the rich. For without having the rich around to be whipping boys and distract our attention, we might be able to concentrate on what's best for the 99.9 percent of the rest of us.</p> <p>Let's look at the power of the rich. With all the money that Gates, Bezos and other superrich people have, what can they force you or me to do? Can they condemn our houses to create space so that another individual can build an auto dealership or a casino parking lot? Can they force us to pay money into the government-run &#8212; and doomed &#8212; Obamacare program? Can they force us to bus our children to schools out of our neighborhood in the name of diversity? Can they force us to buy our sugar from a high-cost domestic producer rather than from a low-cost Caribbean producer? The answer to all of these questions is a big fat no.</p> <p>You say, "Williams, I don't understand." Let me be more explicit. Bill Gates cannot order you to enroll your child in another school in order to promote racial diversity. He has no power to condemn your house to make way for a casino parking lot. Unless our elected public officials grant them the power to rip us off, rich people have little power to force us to do anything. A lowly municipal clerk earning $50,000 a year has far more life-and-death power over us. It is that type of person to whom we must turn for permission to build a house, ply a trade, open a restaurant and do myriad other activities. It's government people, not rich people, who have the power to coerce us and rip us off. They have the power to make our lives miserable if we disobey. This coercive power goes a long way toward explaining legalized political corruption.<p>Updated: Wed Nov 02, 2016</p> 84ac404399ed84d6a2127eb0c336280d Dumb American Youth for 10/26/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/10/16/dumb-american-youth Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Do you wonder why Sen. Bernie Sanders and his ideas are so popular among American college students? The answer is that <span class="column--highlighted-text">they, like so many other young people who think they know it all, are really uninformed and ignorant. You say, "Williams, how dare you say that?! We've mortgaged our home to send our children to college."</span> Let's start with the 2006 geographic literacy survey of youngsters between 18 and 24 years of age by National Geographic and Roper Public Affairs.</p> <p>Less than half could identify New York and Ohio on a U.S. map. Sixty percent could not find Iraq or Saudi Arabia on a map of the Middle East, and three-quarters could not find Iran or Israel. In fact, 44 percent could not locate even one of those four countries. Youngsters who had taken a geography class didn't fare much better. By the way, when I attended elementary school, during the 1940s, we were given blank U.S. maps, and our assignment was to write in the states. Today such an assignment might be deemed oppressive, if not racist.<p>Updated: Wed Oct 26, 2016</p> 96aa13aae372fd0bf013553a785fa50c Freedom to Work for 10/19/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/10/16/freedom-to-work Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>If a person wants to go into business as a taxicab owner, what requirements should be imposed to protect the public? The prospective taxicab owner should show that he is honest and can operate a vehicle safely. His vehicle should pass a safety inspection, and he should have a liability insurance policy. Some cities require the purchase of an existing license, sometimes called a medallion. A medallion has cost as much as over $1 million, as in the case of New York City, and the cost has reached $700,000 in Boston and $360,000 in Chicago. <span class="column--highlighted-text">There is no public protection interest served by forcing a person to go into debt to purchase a taxi medallion, but doing so does serve an interest.</span></p> <p>Before we talk about that, let's look at some good news for prospective taxi owners. The Arlington, Virginia-based Institute for Justice is a nonprofit libertarian public interest law firm that has been on the forefront in the fight for economic liberty for 2 1/2 decades. During that time period, it has piled up numerous victories. The most recent is its Oct. 7 win in the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which issued two groundbreaking decisions that will help cities to sweep aside protectionist transportation regulations in order to make way for new entrepreneurs.<p>Updated: Wed Oct 19, 2016</p> ae3706f7ba29ef12e644a4c2fc241240 A Constitutional Right to Literacy for 10/12/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/10/16/a-constitutional-right-to-literacy Wed, 12 Oct 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Detroit school students, represented by the Los Angeles-based public interest firm Public Counsel, filed suit last month against the state of Michigan, claiming a legal right to literacy based on the 14th Amendment to the Constitution. Ninety-three percent of Detroit's predominantly black public school eighth-graders are not proficient in reading, and 96 percent are not proficient in mathematics. According to the lawsuit, "decades of State disinvestment in and deliberate indifference to Detroit schools have denied Plaintiff schoolchildren access to the most basic building block of education: literacy."</p> <p>In terms of per-pupil expenditures, the state does not treat Detroit public school students any differently than it does other students. According to the Michigan Department of Education, the Detroit school district ranks 50th in state spending, at $13,743 per pupil. This is out of 841 total districts. That puts Detroit schools in the top 6 percent of per-pupil expenditures in the state. <span class="column--highlighted-text">Discrimination in school expenditures cannot explain poor educational outcomes for black students in Detroit or anywhere else in the nation.</span> Let's look at routinely ignored educational impediments in Detroit and elsewhere.<p>Updated: Wed Oct 12, 2016</p> d14f21cb00ad51fafec8cd31db4e5034 Discrimination and Segregation for 10/05/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/10/16/discrimination-and-segregation Wed, 05 Oct 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>I was invited, along with several other American professors, to deliver lectures at South Africa's University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg in 1979. Pieter Willem Botha was the prime minister, and apartheid, though becoming a bit relaxed, was the law of the land. Under apartheid, intermarriage between blacks, coloureds and Indians on the one hand and whites was prohibited. There was the Group Areas Act, which determined where different races could live. In addition to many other racially discriminatory laws, there were job reservation laws that determined who could hold what jobs by race. My lecture sought to produce the argument that in free market settings, one is apt to observe less racial discrimination because it is costly to both the discriminated and the discriminator.</p> <p>So my lecture began with this question: Why doesn't South Africa have a law against elephants flying? Elephants having no radar and understanding of flight procedures would pose a severe air traffic control problem. The answer to my question is quite simple. There is no need for a law banning elephants from flying because elephants cannot fly. Think about South Africa's Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act of 1949, which banned marriages between people of different races. What about its job reservation laws, which required that only whites be employed in certain occupations, such as blasting, running elevators, driving engines, supervising boilers and other machinery, supervising people's shifts, and overseeing mines? A question naturally arises: If white people would not intermarry or if white mine owners would not hire blacks to run mine elevators and other machinery, why in the world would a law banning them from doing so be necessary? The answer is that <span class="column--highlighted-text">whenever there is a law on the books, one's immediate suspicion should be that the law is there because not everyone would behave according to the law's specifications.</span> In other words, some people would intermarry and some mine owners would hire blacks in those reserved jobs.<p>Updated: Wed Oct 05, 2016</p> dc02a0d8596e7a84397db09fca675307 Transgenderism Can Be Helpful for 09/28/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/09/16/transgenderism-can-be-helpful Wed, 28 Sep 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>North Carolina's legislative body passed the Public Facilities Privacy and Security Act, which mandates a statewide policy banning individuals from using public bathrooms that do not correspond to their biological sex, as opposed to their opinion of their sex. That means people must use bathrooms and other public facilities where occupants can be in various stages of undress according to whether their sex chromosomes are XX, in the case of females, or XY, in the case of males. The lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community claims that the use of biology to determine sex is oppressive and limits alternatives. I agree. I all but argued this in a column earlier this year titled "You Are What You Say You Are" (<a href="http://tinyurl.com/grgtbrd" target="_blank">http://tinyurl.com/grgtbrd</a>). Let's look at some possible benefits of freeing oneself from the oppression of biological determinism.</p> <p>Say that I am sentenced to a five-year prison term for bank fraud. Though confinement can never be pleasant, I'd find it far more tolerable if I could convince the judge that though biologically I have XY chromosomes, in my opinion I'm really a woman and thus my confinement should be in a female prison with a female cellmate. For the court to fail to take my sexual opinion into consideration would violate our Constitution's Eighth Amendment prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment, I could say.<p>Updated: Wed Sep 28, 2016</p> 5a1484b79f93b319e5d6567f75603e77 Cruelty to Black Students for 09/21/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/09/16/cruelty-to-black-students Wed, 21 Sep 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Last year's college news was about demands for safe spaces, trigger warnings and bans on insensitivity. This year's college news is about black student demands for segregated campus housing and other racially segregated campus spaces and programs. I totally disagree with these calls by black students. It's a gross dereliction of duty for college administrators to cave to these demands, but I truly sympathize with the problems that many black college students face. <span class="column--highlighted-text">For college administrators and leftist faculty, the actual fate of black students is not nearly so important as the good feelings they receive from a black presence on campus.</span> Let's examine some of the problem.</p> <p>A very large percentage of all incoming freshmen have no business being admitted to college. According to College Board's 2015 report, the average combined SAT score for white students was 1576 out of a possible 2400. Black student SAT scores, at 1277, were the lowest of the seven reported racial groups (<a href="http://tinyurl.com/ozpkpdk" target="_blank">http://tinyurl.com/ozpkpdk</a>). The College Board considers an SAT score of 1550 as the benchmark that indicates a readiness for college-level work. Only 32 percent of white students scored at or above proficient in math, and just 7 percent of black students did. Forty-six percent of white test takers scored proficient in reading, and 17 percent of blacks did. The ACT, another test used for admission to college, produced similar results. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education reports, in an article titled "A Major Crisis in College Readiness for Black Students," that 34 percent of whites who took the ACT were deemed college-ready in all four areas &#8212; English, mathematics, reading and science. For blacks, it was only 6 percent (<a href="http://tinyurl.com/h6x5g8n" target="_blank">http://tinyurl.com/h6x5g8n</a>).<p>Updated: Wed Sep 21, 2016</p> fa889fc60199e1e298ec7c07d461a754 Academic Giants and Dwarfs for 09/14/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/09/16/academic-giants-and-dwarfs Wed, 14 Sep 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>The University of Chicago's president, Dr. Robert J. Zimmer, wrote a Wall Street Journal article, titled "Free Speech Is the Basis of a True Education." In it, he wrote: "<span class="column--highlighted-text">Free speech is at risk at the very institution where it should be assured: the university.</span> Invited speakers are disinvited because a segment of a university community deems them offensive, while other orators are shouted down for similar reasons. Demands are made to eliminate readings that might make some students uncomfortable. Individuals are forced to apologize for expressing views that conflict with prevailing perceptions. In many cases, these efforts have been supported by university administrators."</p> <p>Sharing the president's vision, the University of Chicago's dean of students, John Ellison, sent a letter to freshmen students that read, in part: "Our commitment to academic freedom means that we do not support so-called 'trigger warnings,' we do not cancel invited speakers because their topics might prove controversial, and we do not condone the creation of intellectual 'safe spaces' where individuals can retreat from ideas and perspectives at odds with their own."<p>Updated: Wed Sep 14, 2016</p> 0c494794af7ba3469e1cfecfe1ceb7d8 Corrupt Academics and the Media for 09/07/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/09/16/corrupt-academics-and-the-media Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>Some are puzzled by the dishonesty, lack of character and sheer stupidity of many people in the media. But seeing as most of them are college graduates, they don't bear the full blame. They are taught by dishonest and irresponsible academics. Let's look at it.</p> <p>"A Clash of Police Policies," a column written by Dr. Thomas Sowell, presents some readily available statistics: "Homicide rates among black males went down by 18 percent in the 1940s and by 22 percent in the 1950s. It was in the 1960s, when the ideas of Chief Justice (Earl) Warren and others triumphed, that this long decline in homicide rates among black males reversed and skyrocketed by 89 percent, wiping out all the progress of the previous 20 years."<p>Updated: Wed Sep 07, 2016</p> 521a472cfcc8e6b83bad4fd48d7d2487 Economic Conspiracies for 08/31/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/08/16/economic-conspiracies Wed, 31 Aug 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>A general economic principle is that any law or regulation that restricts market entry tends to impose the greatest burden on those who can be described as poor, latecomers, discriminated-against and politically weak.</p> <p>The president of the NAACP's St. Louis chapter, Adolphus Pruitt, has petitioned a circuit court judge to reject the St. Louis Metropolitan Taxicab Commission's conspiratorial call to issue a temporary restraining order that would force Uber to shut down. He says the order would negatively impact nearly 2,000 African-Americans who work as Uber partners in black neighborhoods that have long been ignored by taxis and other transportation providers. In a statement, Pruitt said, "The immediate harm of a (temporary restraining order) would strand thousands of African American riders who depend on Uber to travel around a city that has measurable gaps in its transportation system and has failed to serve our neighborhoods for decades."<p>Updated: Wed Aug 31, 2016</p> a8c219d644e2cff653c7038a2af9646c College Campus Lunacy for 08/24/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/08/16/college-campus-lunacy Wed, 24 Aug 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>As the fall semester begins, parents, students, taxpayers and donors should be made aware of official college practices that should disgust us all.</p> <p>Hampshire College will offer some of its students what the school euphemistically calls "identity-based housing." That's segregated housing for students who &#8212; because of their race, culture, gender or sexual orientation &#8212; have "historically experienced oppression." I'd bet the rent money that Hampshire College will not offer Jewish, Irish, Polish, Chinese or Catholic students segregated housing. Because there is no group of people who have not faced oppression, Hampshire College is guilty of religious and ethnic discrimination in its housing segregation policy.</p> <p>University of Connecticut administrators think that more black men will graduate if they spend more time together. According to Campus Reform, they are building a new residence hall to facilitate just that. Dr. Erik Hines, the faculty director for the program, said that the learning community "is a space for African-American men to ... come together and validate their experiences that they may have on campus. ... It's also a space where they can have conversation and also talk with individuals who come from the same background who share the same experience." By the way, Hampshire College and the University of Connecticut are not alone in promoting racially segregated student housing.<p>Updated: Wed Aug 24, 2016</p> 14a2d9d04913dc8704acad217efa9bf0 Is Free Trade Causing Job Loss? for 08/17/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/08/16/is-free-trade-causing-job-loss Wed, 17 Aug 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>International trade figures heavily in the presidential race. Presidential candidate Donald Trump said, "Hillary Clinton unleashed a trade war against the American worker when she supported one terrible trade deal after another - from NAFTA to China to South Korea." And adding, "A Trump Administration will end that war by getting a fair deal for the American people. The era of economic surrender will finally be over." He lamented, "Skilled craftsmen and tradespeople and factory workers have seen the jobs they love shipped thousands and thousands of miles away."</p> <p>Hillary Clinton has offered her own condemnations of trade and globalization. Some see her stance on trade as little more than typical campaign rhetoric. Bill Watson's Reason magazine article "Hillary Clinton's Protectionist Promises Would Do Serious Economic Damage," looked at Clinton's trade agenda. Watson concluded that for "fans of free trade and globalization, Clinton is a much more appealing candidate simply by not being horrible."</p> <p>It is true that the number of manufacturing jobs in the United States has been in steep decline for almost a half-century, but manufacturing employment disguises the true story of American manufacturing. U.S. manufacturing output has increased by almost 40 percent. Annual value added by U.S. factories has reached a record $2.4 trillion. To put that in perspective, if our manufacturing sector were a separate nation, it would be the seventh richest nation on the globe.<p>Updated: Wed Aug 17, 2016</p> 9f9e53ef22111cfb550aadd9db09fd76 The Decline of Civility for 08/10/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/08/16/the-decline-of-civility Wed, 10 Aug 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>One of the unavoidable consequences of youth is the tendency to think behavior we see today has always been. I'd like to dispute that vision, at least as it pertains to black people.</p> <p>I graduated from Philadelphia's Benjamin Franklin High School in 1954. Franklin's predominantly black students were from the poorest North Philadelphia neighborhoods. During those days, there were no policemen patrolling the hallways. Today close to 400 police patrol Philadelphia schools. There were occasional after-school fights &#8212; rumbles, as we called them &#8212; but within the school, there was order. In contrast with today, students didn't use foul language to teachers, much less assault them.</p> <p>Places such as the Richard Allen housing project, where I lived, became some of the most dangerous and dysfunctional places in Philadelphia. Mayhem &#8212; in the form of murders, shootings and assaults &#8212; became routine. By the 1980s, residents found that they had to have window bars and multiple locks. The 1940s and '50s Richard Allen project, as well as other projects, bore no relation to what they became. Many people never locked their doors; windows weren't barred. We did not go to bed with the sound of gunshots. Most of the residents were two-parent families with one or both parents working.<p>Updated: Wed Aug 10, 2016</p> fcbaddda71028edb3657f18641cb325e Compensating Differences for 08/03/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/08/16/compensating-differences Wed, 03 Aug 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>What economists call an ability to make "compensating differences" is a valuable tool in everyone's arsenal. If people are prohibited from doing so, they are always worse off. You say, "Williams, I never heard of compensating differences. What are they?"</p> <p>Jimmy Soul's 1963 hit song, "If You Wanna Be Happy," explained the concept of compensating differences. His lyrics went: "If you want to be happy for the rest of your life, never make a pretty woman your wife. So from my personal point of view, get an ugly girl to marry you." His point was that an ugly woman would treat you better. But more importantly, a less attractive woman's willingness to compensate for her differences enables her to effectively compete with a pretty woman.</p> <p>It goes the other way around, too. I've presented people with the following scenario: Suppose you saw a fat, ugly cigar-smoking old man married to a beautiful young woman. What kind of prediction would you make about the man's income? Everybody I've asked guesses that he would have a high income. The fat, ugly cigar-smoking old man would essentially be telling the beautiful young woman, "I can't compete for your hand the same way a guy like Williams can, so I'm going to offset my handicap by offering you a higher price."<p>Updated: Wed Aug 03, 2016</p> 3882d480db7fc75fac7b103fcfd8b112 What Can Discrimination Explain? for 07/27/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/walter-williams/07/16/what-can-discrimination-explain Wed, 27 Jul 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>A guiding principle for physicians is primum non nocere, the Latin expression for "first, do no harm." In order not to do harm, whether it's with medicine or with public policy, the first order of business is accurate diagnostics.</p> <p>Racial discrimination is seen as the cause of many problems of black Americans. No one argues that racial discrimination does not exist or does not have effects. The relevant question, as far as policy and resource allocation are concerned, is: How much of what we see is caused by current racial discrimination?</p> <p>From the late 1940s to the mid-1950s, black youth unemployment was slightly less than or equal to white youth unemployment. Today black youth unemployment is at least double that of white youth unemployment. Would anyone try to explain the difference with the argument that there was less racial discrimination during the '40s and '50s than today?<p>Updated: Wed Jul 27, 2016</p>