C Force from Creators Syndicate https://www.creators.com/read/c-force Creators Syndicate is an international syndication company that represents cartoonists and columnists of the highest caliber. en Fri, 20 Jan 2017 11:43:57 -0800 https://www.creators.com/ http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss C Force from Creators Syndicate https://cdn.creators.com/features/c-force-thumb.jpg https://www.creators.com/read/c-force 85f0c5b4e42b7469a9685eff73bc518c No New Drugs for Depression on the Horizon for 01/20/2017 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/01/17/no-new-drugs-for-depression-on-the-horizon Fri, 20 Jan 2017 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p>For some folks, I'm sure this will be anxiety-inducing news. According to a recently published analysis by the University of Oxford, it could be at least 10 years or more before any new generation of antidepressant medications comes to market.</p> <p>"I'd be very surprised if we were to see any new drugs for depression in the next decade," noted Guy Goodwin, a professor of psychiatry at the University of Oxford. "The pharmaceutical industry is simply not investing in the research because it can't make money from these drugs," he adds.<p>Updated: Fri Jan 20, 2017</p> 515d3bfb846d9e9a9ccd86c9ee2df075 I'll Have Mine with Cheese for 01/13/2017 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/01/17/ill-have-mine-with-cheese Fri, 13 Jan 2017 00:00:00 -0800 <p>C FORCE</p> <p>BY CHUCK NORRIS</p> <p>RELEASE: FRIDAY, JANUARY 13, 2017<p>Updated: Fri Jan 13, 2017</p> 9b4eba61cd63cb6be2f7783d7a0300eb A Crowd of Loneliness for 01/06/2017 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/01/17/a-crowd-of-loneliness Fri, 06 Jan 2017 00:00:00 -0800 <p>Last week, I touched on our fundamental human requirement for interconnectedness as something we far too often fail to see as a basic need. What David Allan, CNN editorial director of Health and Wellness, refers to as the importance of "the decency we exchange with those around us." What happens when we lose touch with this essential need for interconnectedness? What happens when we find ourselves alone?</p> <p>Numerous studies have shown that loneliness makes our bodies feel under attack. When that happens, physical and psychological stress responses are triggered. Loneliness can increase blood pressure and cholesterol. Unrelenting loneliness can suppress immune system function as well as significantly increase a person's risk of cardiovascular disease. According to a Psychology Today report, it can even cause a person's skin temperature to drop. Scientists believe that, given all the drastic ways in which loneliness impacts our bodies, it represents as great a risk for our long term health and longevity as cigarette smoking.</p> <p>It's likely that we all have experienced the ache of loneliness at some point in our lives. Experts place the percentage at well over 40 percent of us. Yet, though it is a widespread condition, we're generally unaware of the dramatic ways it affects our minds and bodies. If allowed to become a persistent condition, it can lead to an isolated and disconnected life. And with it comes significant threats to a person's mental and physical health, as well as their life expectancy.<p>Updated: Fri Jan 06, 2017</p> 83d9d38f5650e2c49f859980ab88c426 The Holidays for 12/30/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/12/16/the-holidays Fri, 30 Dec 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p>As we near the close of a celebratory though hectic and emotional time of year, it's important to remember all the many people who don't get time off work to enjoy the season with their loved ones. For those in certain demanding, stress-inducing lines of work - particularly doctors, nurses, military personnel, police officers and firefighters - it has to be an extremely difficult period.</p> <p>I was reminded of this by a short essay written in 2013 by Dr. John Henning Schumann, the host of the radio show Tulsa's Medical Matters. The reprint is currently posted on NPR. In his essay, Dr. Schumann reflects on a young doctor's life during residency training with hospital shifts lasting from 16 to 28 hours with no holiday breaks; of how the holidays fall during a difficult midpoint in the year, characterized by high stress and sagging morale for new doctors in that final stretch toward certification. And of the added stress of knowing you've been assigned to your first shift working Christmas day, a day known for its influx in patient deaths from natural causes; what is known as the "Christmas effect."</p> <p>The Christmas holiday effect on mortality, though not fully clinically understood, has been statistically established in the United States for a number of years. People's ability to somehow modify their date of death based on dates of significance has been both confirmed and refuted in various studies.<p>Updated: Fri Dec 30, 2016</p> 6e7ef13584ac384e9eb6ff61e13b4151 Maintaining Optimism in a Time of Uncertainty for 12/23/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/12/16/maintaining-optimism-in-a-time-of-uncertainty Fri, 23 Dec 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p>For generations, working-class families have steadied themselves in the struggle to get ahead by the notion that, in this country, a better life was possible if we just worked hard. For the most part, that has held true. <span class="column--highlighted-text">Research shows that during the past 50 years, a majority of children grew up to achieve the markers of what we identified as a better life; tending to earn more money, to live longer and enjoying higher living standards than their parents had achieved. That is, until now.</span></p> <p>According to a recent economic study released by Stanford University, the widening gap between rich and poor Americans has pushed the chances of children earning more money than their parents down to nearly 50 percent; a sharp fall from 1940, when 90 percent of kids were destined to move up the income ladder. <p>Updated: Fri Dec 23, 2016</p> c07a6d26ba8c9b16b2d1cb42655e1aae Doctors, Depression and the American Dream for 12/16/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/12/16/doctors-depression-and-the-american-dream Fri, 16 Dec 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p>A report has revealed that, among the clinically depressed, doctors have far higher rates of depression than the average person. According to a recent study from Brigham and Women's Hospital as reported by Time magazine, medical students are also two to five times more likely to have depression than the general population.</p> <p>"It's kind of paradoxical, give that they should recognize the signs better than anyone," says study author Dr. Douglas Mata.</p> <p>Despite these alarming numbers, few doctors or medical students seek treatment for their condition. Sadly, it seems that mood disorders like depression are not taken seriously, even by physicians. As the Time investigative report revealed, the reasons that doctors have failed to seek treatment include many of the same factors that prevent so many who can afford care from receiving it. Included is the stigma attached to doing so. It is said that within the medical profession, issues of depression have long been viewed as "an open secret."<p>Updated: Fri Dec 16, 2016</p> 0165526737aabd740d4a83cb10e8b862 A Holiday Reflection for 12/09/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/12/16/a-holiday-reflection Fri, 09 Dec 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p>As the saying goes, "'tis the season to be jolly." So why don't many folks today feel that way? Seems the holidays bring on a rollercoaster of emotions that can run the gamut; from joyous to painful. It's a time that arouses remembrance and reflections that can range from happy, to sad, to bittersweet. If separated from family members it can be an especially painful time. If suffering financial hardships, it can make a struggling family feel they are on the outside looking in. These feelings often lead to what is known as "the holiday blues," or worst yet, a clinical condition known as Seasonal Affective Disorder.</p> <p>According to the Mindful Living Network, an estimated six percent of Americans are affected by Seasonal Affective Disorder, a form of depression that can linger for several months or more. About 14 percent of American adults suffer from holiday blues. But I fear these estimates may be on the low side, especially when applied to this holiday season. In this moment where dissatisfaction seems to be our only unifying norm, with so much in a state of change, our resiliency and resolve to get into the "holiday spirit" may be tested as never before.<p>Updated: Fri Dec 09, 2016</p> a2bbb1fd15d9e94c87a6c568ed556349 In the Battle of the Holiday Bulge, Our Hormones Win for 12/02/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/12/16/in-the-battle-of-the-holiday-bulge-our-hormones-win Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p>As we leave Thanksgiving behind and move into phase two of the holiday season, we should try to do so without that extra serving of guilt that sometimes comes during this holiday so aligned &#8212; if we are fortunate enough &#8212; with friends, family, football and food; lots of food. According to the Calorie Control Council, it's estimated that the average American could have consumed as many as 4,500 calories on Thanksgiving Day. But we should try not to think about that. Thinking about it may bring on stress and the stress brought on by weight anxiety is a predictor of later binge eating. </p> <p>And dieting? It also can act as a precursor to stress. According to neuroscientist Sandra Aamodt, author of "Why Diets Make Us Fat: The Unintended Consequences of Our Obsession With Weight Loss," in addition to binge eating, calorie restriction produces stress hormones which act on fat cells to increase our amount of abdominal fat. It is her belief that based on current science, dieting is rarely effective in the long run in reliably improving health and shedding pounds. This conclusion is consistent with the findings published in the November issue of the science journal Nature. According to the study, as many as 95 percent of people who lose at least a tenth of their body weight gain it back within a year, along with a little extra weight.</p> <p>"People go on diets over and over again - and keep failing," says Eran Segal of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and an author of the study. "It's a very common problem."<p>Updated: Fri Dec 02, 2016</p> a800b63d4ee02f5d5a174ea142c06b43 What will it take for us to Do Right by Our Veterans? for 11/25/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/11/16/what-will-it-take-for-us-to-do-right-by-our-veterans Fri, 25 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p></p><p>Since its inception at the end of World War I, Veterans Day has served as our opportunity to honor those who have served, as well as those who continue to serve, in our country's armed forces. But such tributes represents only a part of the kind of reflection that this day is intended to bring on. <span class="column--highlighted-text">We also have the responsibility to ask ourselves whether we, as a nation, are doing right by them</span>; and if the answer to that question tips at all into the negative, to commit ourselves to ensuring that our military and political leaders put things right, without delay.</p> <p>That the system of health care provided by Department of Veterans Affairs needs to change seems a given (even within the institution itself). We hear often about issues of access, the need to speed up the timeliness of service, of the bureaucratic hurdles our veterans and their families must overcome, of shortages of the resources front-line clinicians need to perform their jobs. It's easy to forget the level of commitment that is there &#8212; and has always been there &#8212; from those providing the care; of their extraordinary level of compassion and skill these VA service providers represent. I was reminded of this important point by a recent University of Michigan's Health Lab blog post by Dr. Sanjay Saint, a research fellow and former practicing physician at four different VA hospitals.<p>Updated: Fri Nov 25, 2016</p> 731010228ba27b24be170b3336d9537b The Expanding Waistline and Thinning Ranks of Today's Military for 11/18/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/11/16/the-expanding-waistline-and-thinning-ranks-of-todays-military Fri, 18 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p>On the eve of Veterans Day, a massive veterans spending bill died in congress and it hardly made a sound. It was aimed at expanding health care and education among a number of other benefits, and included calling for the acquisition of 27 new medical facilities. According to a USA Today report, a majority of senators felt it too big a budgetary bite. They also felt that its passage would further burden a Department of Veterans Affairs already struggling to keep up with existing promised benefits and programs.</p> <p>What troubles me most about this news item though, is that so few have taken notice. You have to ask yourself, could such a lack of interest be a direct result of the growing number of Americans less and less directly connected to military service; making such items seem less directly relatable and less newsworthy?</p> <p>According to a report from the Pew Research Center, while more than three-quarters of Americans today over the age of 50 reports an immediate family member who had served in the military; when looking at Americans ages 18 to 29, the share was reduced by two-thirds. We now find ourselves in a situation where a smaller share of Americans currently serves in the U.S. Armed Forces than at any other time since the era between World Wars I and II. There exists an expanding divide between people in uniform and the civilian population. And it represents but one problem facing today's military. <p>Updated: Fri Nov 18, 2016</p> 369ad374987cf2b186085bc9ca000b3f Veterans Day Breakthrough Needed for 11/11/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/11/16/veterans-day-breakthrough-needed Fri, 11 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0800 <p>I am proud to say I am a former member of the United States Air Force. And, like many young men in America of my generation, this military experience played an important role in instilling in me a sense of character, discipline, camaraderie and respect that has served me my entire life. So, if you are reading this on Friday, November 11, I hope you will join me in saluting and recognizing the more than 21 million veterans of military service currently among us in this country. Let us use this occasion &#8212; Veterans Day 2016 &#8212; not merely to celebrate, but to maximize our commitment as a nation to ensure that service members, veterans and their families have full access to the opportunities, resources, and support they have so clearly earned. In exchange for their service and sacrifice, let us commit to also fulfilling the covenant this nation entered into with these men and women to heal, restore and reinstate them to their proper place in our society; to realign them with their fundamental and inalienable right to the pursuit of happiness. </p> <p>"We want to be sure that we're paying attention and that we're connected to our veterans; that they're connected to support services and health care," says Kathryn Power. Power is a regional administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, a little-known government agency (working under the federal Department of Health and Human Services) tasked with trying to fill the gap in veteran care by getting community agencies more attuned to the special support services and health care issues that can follow military service.</p> <p>Many military retirees and veterans don't live in locations where they can access military or VA treatment facilities. Among this group are approximately 500,000 men and women of the Reserve Components and National Guard, so many of whom served in combat in Iraq or Afghanistan. These service members typically return to their previous sources of health care after being released from active duty assignments; never utilizing the services to which they are entitled. It has long ago been accepted that anyone who has been in combat will sustain the effects of that traumatic experience, whether they have visible physical injuries or not. Many of our neighbors are not getting the post-service care they need from health care providers simply because their providers don't know that they are veterans or how to optimally communicate with them once they do know.<p>Updated: Fri Nov 11, 2016</p> 95e056cef56a37e230459301e6a99625 Junk Food as a Human Rights Issue for 11/04/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/11/16/junk-food-as-a-human-rights-issue Fri, 04 Nov 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>While, as reported last week, the war on dietary fat is now officially over, the fight against junk food is about to escalate. According to a report released this week by the Associated Press, the U.N.'s special representative on "the right to food" has proclaimed junk food to now qualify as a human rights concern.</p> <p>"Within the human rights framework, states are obliged to ensure effective measures to regulate the food industry," says the United Nation's Hilal Elver. Her concerns center on policies that have allowed large global corporations to flood the world market with cheap, nutrient-poor foods, forcing poor people to choose between economic capability and optimum nutrition. The UN believes that the current situation is in effect violating their right to adequate food.</p> <p>Elver is particularly concerned by aggressive marketing strategies to promote junk food to children, especially in developing countries. As I noted several weeks ago, a recent report by the Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems Nutrition has proclaimed that diet and nutrition now pose the biggest risk factors for people's health across the globe, as well as its concern that the sale of processed foods is now growing the fastest in developing countries.<p>Updated: Fri Nov 04, 2016</p> e5487b9b6bad6460490eb050d53a1470 Say Goodbye to the High-Carbohydrate/Low-Fat Diet for 10/28/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/10/16/say-goodbye-to-the-high-carbohydratelow-fat-diet Fri, 28 Oct 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>We like certainty. We seek it; we're comforted by it; it helps us clearly understand what's before us in our constant and primal quest for safety. Uncertainty, on the other hand, is uncomfortable. It creates tension. It leads to confusion. It can be debilitating. So when we're given advice based on "expert findings" regarding the food we should eat and the exercise we should pursue to maintain and promote good health, if the source is credible we want to believe it with certainty. The problem is that while there is no shortage of theories on this subject, there remains no gold standard to measure diet or exercise that health professionals agree upon.</p> <p>And when health experts tell us, as they have for the past 40 years, that, if you don't eat fat, you (in essence) won't get fat, we are inclined to believe it. But as Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health nutrition expert David Ludwig recently pointed out, longstanding recommendations from the government and all major professional nutrition associations steering us away from fat were based on limited scientific evidence. It's time the health community own up to the fact that this 40 year investment in health practice and policy has been a "failed experiment," says Ludwig.</p> <p>Experts now concede that not all fats are bad. They'll even go as far as to admit that some are healthy and important in a balanced diet. There are also several recent studies that have found that high-fat diets actually produce greater weight loss than traditional low-fat diets.<p>Updated: Fri Oct 28, 2016</p> 30a4f1f8fe972af4c4d6f9798cf9c33b Diet and Nutrition Biggest Risk Factors for People's Health for 10/21/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/10/16/diet-and-nutrition-biggest-risk-factors-for-peoples-health Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>As noted last week, a report by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington revealed that while the world population has gained more than a decade of life expectancy since 1980, healthy life expectancy gains have not been as dramatic. And when looking at health span as opposed to life span among the world's wealthier regions, North America has the worst healthy life expectancy at birth for both men and women. </p> <p>We are living longer, but living with the consequences of more years stricken with illness and disability. If we are to change this health expectancy trend, we must start at a major source of the problem. According to a recent report by the Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems Nutrition, diet and nutrition are now the biggest risk factors for people's health across the globe. <p>Updated: Fri Oct 21, 2016</p> cf9c2b71013d1241b5863698b61d20d8 Aging, Health and the Power of Plants for 10/14/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/10/16/aging-health-and-the-power-of-plants Fri, 14 Oct 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>Are you ready for a little good news for a change? According to a recent study conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington titled "The Global Burden of Disease," globally, health is improving and life expectancy is rising. According to the study, the world population gained more than a decade of life expectancy since 1980. The current number: 69.0 years in men and 74.8 years in women.</p> <p>The study analyzed 249 causes of death, 315 diseases and injuries and 79 risk factors in 195 countries and territories between 1990 and 2015 and showed a large decline in death rates from communicable or infectious diseases. The rate of people dying from cardiovascular disease and cancers has also fallen. But these gains are far from uniform across nations and continents. </p> <p>According to Reuters, the study also revealed that while healthy life expectancy had increased in the vast majority of countries studied, it has not risen across the board as much as overall life expectancy. When looking at health span as opposed to life span among the world's wealthier regions, for example, North America was shown to have the worst healthy life expectancy at birth for both men and women. Yes, we are living longer, but living with the consequences of more years stricken with illness and disability.<p>Updated: Fri Oct 14, 2016</p> 07626ae06a7c56b9ee6cfe8c2922c5db Your Money or Your Life for 10/07/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/10/16/your-money-or-your-life Fri, 07 Oct 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>Legendary comedian Jack Benny was known for his ability to milk a pause for a laugh like no other. He also developed a persona of being extremely tight fisted with his money, which was a source of many of his jokes and, ironically, the complete opposite of his kind and giving nature offstage. One of his most famous routines, often repeated upon popular request, went back to his days on old time radio, as far back as 1948. In the radio routine, a mugger accosts Benny on the street and demands, "Your money or your life!" This is followed by a long silence and cascading laughs that went on for two-and-one-half minutes, it is said. Many people still believe it to be the longest sustained laugh in entertainment history. Finally, the exasperated mugger breaks in and says: "Look bud, I said your money or your life!" To which Benny replies, "I'm thinking it over."</p> <p>I mention this famous routine, partly because Jack Benny was a most beloved figure of the 20th Century, a grand performer and worthy of remembrance. But mostly because the question "your money or your life?" presented as a choice completely removing the crime scenario, is today no laughing matter. We are constantly being faced with decisions both big and small that pit time against money. According to a GOBankingRates survey, the number one New Year's resolution entering 2016 was to "Enjoy life to the fullest." But what does that mean exactly?</p> <p>A recent study published by San Francisco State University found that people who spent money on experiences rather than material items were happier and felt the money was better spent. But what if given the choice between more time or more money, which would you choose? Which choice do you feel would lead to greater happiness? <p>Updated: Fri Oct 07, 2016</p> 5ba802b8d2344cc536eb782cfb7ff22e A Distress Call for Needed Sea Change in Attitude for 09/30/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/09/16/a-distress-call-for-needed-sea-change-in-attitude Fri, 30 Sep 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p></p><p>An estimated 20 million students have now entered their college freshman year in this country. The grueling four years ahead should not be expected to be easy, nor should they be. Such is the process of commitment to challenge and personal growth, of educating and shaping students for success. But, as I pointed out last week, young adulthood is an especially critical and vulnerable period regarding mental health. According to the 2015 American Freshman Survey, nearly 10 percent of incoming college freshmen last year, close to an all-time record, reported feeling "frequently depressed."</p> <p>We should have expected it. Across the U.S. there's been an uptick in the percentage of teens having episodes of depression. According to researchers at Columbia University in New York, roughly one-in-nine teens in the United States has suffered a major depressive episode at some point. In 2014, an estimated 15.7 million adults aged 18 or older in the United States reported having at least one major depressive episode in the past year. In addition, a federal data analysis also recently revealed that suicide in the United States has now surged to the highest levels in nearly 30 years, with increases in every age group except older adults.<p>Updated: Fri Sep 30, 2016</p> 28f81d84887ae65fca7b1413d55f3f3c The Military's Battle to Change its Mind and What's at Stake for 09/23/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/09/16/the-militarys-battle-to-change-its-mind-and-whats-at-stake Fri, 23 Sep 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>As if we needed any more evidence of the connectivity of mind and body in determining our overall health, neuroscientists at the University of Pittsburgh have just provided it. Their study, reported in the online Edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has found concrete evidence for the neural basis of a mind-body connection. The findings shed new light on how stress, depression and other mental states can alter organ function and demonstrates a true anatomical basis for what has become known as psychosomatic illness.</p> <p>The research also provides an underlying neural explanation as to why activities like meditation, yoga, and Pilates &#8212; even the martial arts &#8212; prove helpful to so many in modulating the body's responses to physical, mental and emotional stress. Add to the list mental health counseling.</p> <p>Yet, even armed with this knowledge, I suspect most of us react quite differently when we hear the terms "physical health" and "mental health." And &#8212; even more to the point &#8212; to the idea of "physical illness" and "mental illness."<p>Updated: Fri Sep 23, 2016</p> f372c4aac87fdf40988e69b06ba8e144 A Story of Man's Best Friend for Maybe 30,000 Years Now for 09/16/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/09/16/a-story-of-mans-best-friend-for-maybe-30000-years-now Fri, 16 Sep 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>As we say goodbye to those "Dog Days' of Summer," let's also be reminded that this period of time between July and early September really has nothing to do with hot, sultry weather and its effect on lazy carnies. The term originally came into use in ancient Greece and a belief that a particular constellation of stars associated with a particular weather pattern looked like a dog chasing a rabbit. The phrase was originally translated from Latin to English about 500 years ago. The "dog days" thought came to me this past week as stories began to appear of a groundbreaking new scientific study revealing that dogs understand both the meaning of words and the intonation used to speak them.</p> <p>What dog lovers and trainers have long believed has now been scientifically confirmed &#8212; man's best friend not only hears the meaning of human speech, but also perceives the emotion behind it. Dogs not only can separate what we say and how we say it, but they can also combine the two for a correct interpretation of what those words actually mean. Most significantly, the findings developed by researchers at the University of Budapest demonstrate that dogs are more like humans than we have believed. Dogs process language using the same regions of the brain as people.</p> <p>Using the brain activity images, researchers saw that the dogs processed familiar words regardless of intonation and they did so using the left hemisphere of the brain, just as humans do in interpreting language. The tone or the emotion behind the word, on the other hand, was analyzed in the auditory regions of the right hemisphere, just as it is in people.<p>Updated: Fri Sep 16, 2016</p> 516fee34f709218dc7e9aad9fedaad67 A Story of Endocrine Disruption and Why We Need to Know it for 09/09/2016 https://www.creators.com/read/c-force/09/16/a-story-of-endocrine-disruption-and-why-we-need-to-know-it Fri, 09 Sep 2016 00:00:00 -0700 <p>Just a little over 52 years ago, best-selling author and ecologist Rachel Carson was famously called to testify before Congress. A year had barely passed following the publication of her groundbreaking book "Silent Spring" documenting the dangers posed by rampant and indiscriminate use of pesticides and herbicides. The result of four years of painstaking research, much of the data and case studies that Carson drew from were hardly new. But it would take Carson to compile the data and her powerful and elegant prose to bring these disturbing facts to the general public, making them inescapable for policymakers.</p> <p>"Every once in a while in the history of mankind, a book has appeared which has substantially altered the course of history," noted Senator Ernest Gruening at the time.</p> <p>What has been lost in most accounts of this moment is the extent of this woman's courage as she made her way to take a seat at a long wooden table to address a Senate subcommittee on pesticide use. She was in advanced stages of breast cancer, having already survived a radical mastectomy. Her pelvis was so riddled with fractures that it was nearly impossible for her to walk. To hide her baldness, she wore a dark brown wig.<p>Updated: Fri Sep 09, 2016</p>